Endometriosis is an immune system or hormonal disease that affects on girls and women in childbearing age. The name of the disease is derived from the term “endometrium”, a tissue that covers the inner surface of the uterus and is made and dropped every month during the bleeding period.
In endometriosis surgery, a tissue similar to the endometrium is extracted from the uterus. In these areas, endometrial tissue is called what is called the “nodes”, “tumors”, “lesions”, or implants, or growths. These lesions can cause pain, infertility, and problems late. The most common sites of endometrial lesions in the abdomen are ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterine protective ligaments, vaginal and rectal distances, uterine outer surfaces, and pelvic cavity cover.
Occasionally, lesions are found in the abdominal surgery scars, on the intestines or in the rectum, on the bladder, vagina, cervix and feces. These lesions have also been found outside the abdominal compartment, in the lungs, arm, thigh and other areas, but these are not very common. Although relatively rare, endometriosis may be cancerous.
Recent research has shown that girls and women with endodontics have a higher risk of developing cancer, especially breast and ovarian and melanoma cancers.
Signs and symptoms
The most common signs are: menstrual pain (cramping) before and during the period (usually worse than normal menstrual cramps), pain during or after sexual activity, infertility and severe hemorrhage. Other symptoms may include painful stomach pain during the period, low back pain, diarrhea or constipation, and other intestinal disorders during the period. Many with endomy have autoimmune disorders. Infertility affects about 30% -40% of women with endometriosis and is a common problem with disease progression. The amount of pain does not necessarily correlate with the size or extent of the lesions.